Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Seminar


Novel sub-Kelvin Cooling Techniques for Space Science Applications


Dr. Franklin Miller


University of Wisconsin, Madison


Monday, September 28, 2015 at 2:00:00 PM


MRDC Building, Room 4211


Dr. S. Mostafa Ghiaasiaan


The detectors used for infrared and X-ray space science missions are typically operated at cryogenic temperatures as low as 50 milliKelvin above absolute zero. The state of the art technologies for this type of cooling in space are single shot adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators and single shot 3He-4He dilution refrigerators. Although these refrigerators provide cooling to the required temperatures, they cannot cool continuously. New refrigeration techniques that will provide continuous cooling at low temperatures are being developed in the cryogenic laboratory at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. A new type of superfluid helium pump that is efficient and requires no moving parts is being developed to drive the new cycles. The pump technology and its application to sub-Kelvin cooling cycles will be discussed in this seminar.


Franklin Miller is Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Before joining the faculty at the University Dr. Miller worked in the Cryogenics Branch at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. While at NASA he worked on developing cooling systems for space flight missions and as a cryogenic engineer on the James Webb Space Telescope. Dr. Miller completed his PhD work on the development of a sub-Kelvin Joule Thomson Refrigerator at the MIT Cryogenics Engineering Laboratory in 2005.


Refreshments will be served.