SUBJECT: Ph.D. Dissertation Defense
BY: Wenchao Zhou
TIME: Wednesday, October 9, 2013, 10:00 a.m.
PLACE: MARC Building, 401
TITLE: Interface Dynamics in Inkjet Deposition
COMMITTEE: Dr. David W. Rosen, Chair (ME)
Dr. Andrei G. Fedorov (ME)
Dr. F. Levent Degertekin (ME)
Dr. Martha Grover (ChBE)
Dr. Wallace W. Carr (MSE)


Ink-jet deposition is an emerging technology that provides a more efficient, economic, scalable method of manufacturing than other traditional additive techniques by laying down droplets layer by layer to build up 3-D objects. The focus of this thesis is to investigate the material interface evolution during the droplet deposition process, which holds the key to understanding the material joining process. Droplet deposition can be broken down into droplet impingement dynamics and droplet hardening. This research focuses on the study of the interface dynamics of droplet impingement. In order to study the interface dynamics, a novel metric is developed to quantify the evolving geometry of the droplet interface in both 2-D and 3-D by measuring the similarity between the evolving droplet geometry to a desired shape. With the developed shape metric, the underlying physics of the interface evolution for single droplet impingement are examined. A regime map is constructed with the results and an empirical splash criterion to guide the choice of process parameters for given fluid properties in order to achieve the best shape without splash for single droplet impingement. In order to study the interface dynamics for multiple droplet interaction, which is computationally prohibitive for commercial software packages, an efficient numerical model is developed based on the lattice Boltzmann (LB) method. A new LB formulation equivalent to the phase-field model is developed with consistent boundary conditions through a multiscale analysis. The numerical model is validated by comparing its simulation results with that of commercial software COMSOL and experimental data. Results show our LB model not only has significant improvement of computational speed over COMSOL but is also more accurate. Finally, the developed numerical solver is used to study the interface evolution of multiple droplet interaction with the aid of the 3-D shape metric proposed before.