SUBJECT: Ph.D. Dissertation Defense
BY: Yen-Po Lin
TIME: Monday, March 13, 2017, 1:00 p.m.
PLACE: MRDC Building, 3515
TITLE: Precision 3-D Metal Microstructure Array Fabrication with Direct-Write Electrodeposition
COMMITTEE: Dr. Min-Feng Yu, Co-Chair (AE)
Dr. Min Zhou, Co-Chair (ME)
Dr. Ting Zhu (ME)
Dr. Jerry Qi (ME)
Dr. Melin Liu (MSE)
Dr. Julian Rimoli (AE)


One of the major challenges in 3-D manufacturing is to develop a parallel manufacturing process for fabricating precision metal microstructures. Its realization promises the development of high aspect-ratio metal structures that could provide microscale mechanical and electrical interfaces for applications in electronic testing and bio-sensing. In this research, self-regulated growth mechanisms in the meniscus-confined direct-write electrodeposition was exploited to realize the parallel process fabrication of high density area arrays of ultrahigh aspect-ratio solid metal microwire structures; micromachining processes were developed to produce precision nozzle arrays required for the high throughput parallel process fabrications; and the underlying physics that enabled this parallel manufacturing process were revealed and formulated to guide the development. A 3-D micro-printing process that integrated the concept of discretized 3-D printing manufacturing with meniscus-confined direct-write electrodeposition was also developed to enable the fabrication of ultrahigh-density and complex-structured 3-D micro/nano-scale metal structures and a parallel 3-D micro-printing process for metal was realized. Specifically, mesoscale high quality and high-density arrays of curvilinear Cu spirals with designed mechanical and dimensional characteristics were fabricated with the metal spirals having a wire diameter of 20 μm, a varing coil diameter up to 100 μm, a structural aspect ratio of over 40 and a pitch of 50 μm. High quality metal springs and spring arraying having a wire diameter of only 1 μm, a coil diameter of only 5 μm and an aspect ratio exceed 100 were also readily fabricated. More interestingly, the Cu spirals were found to acquire exceedingly high yield strength of over 800 MPa due to the nanocrystalline microscopic nature of the Cu wires. Targeted studies of the precision metal structures uniquely produced by such parallel manufacturing processes were carried out for applications especially in the field of microelectronics and biosensing.