SUBJECT: Ph.D. Proposal Presentation
BY: Jeffrey Milkie
TIME: Wednesday, May 22, 2013, 1:00 p.m.
PLACE: MRDC Building, 4211
TITLE: Condensation of Hydrocarbons and Zeotropic Hydrocarbon/Refrigerant Mixtures in Horizontal Tubes
COMMITTEE: Dr. Srinivas Garimella, Chair (ME)
Dr. S. Mostafa Ghiaasiaan (ME)
Dr. Satish Kumar (ME)
Dr. Thomas Fuller (ChBE)
Dr. William Koros (ChBE)


An experimental investigation of condensation of hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon/refrigerant mixtures in horizontal tubes is proposed. Heat transfer coefficients and frictional pressure drops during condensation of a zeotropic binary mixture of R-245fa and n-pentane in a 7.75 mm internal diameter round tube will be measured across the entire vapor-liquid dome, for mass fluxes ranging from 150 to 600 kg m-2 s-1, and reduced pressures ranging from 0.06 to 0.23. Condensation experiments will be conducted for the mixture, as well as its pure constituents over a similar range of conditions. In addition, condensing flow of the hydrocarbon propane will be documented visually using high-speed video recordings. Results from these experiments will be used to establish the two-phase flow regimes, void fractions, and liquid film thicknesses during condensation of propane flowing through horizontal tubes with internal diameters of 7 and 15 mm. These measurements will be made over mass fluxes ranging from 75 to 450 kg m-2 s-1, operating pressures ranging from 952 to 1218 kPa, and vapor qualities ranging from 0.05 to 0.95. Liquid film thickness and void fraction data will subsequently be used to assist the development of heat transfer and pressure drop models. In particular, the heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops observed in the mixture will be compared with the corresponding values for the pure constituents. Models for heat transfer and pressure drop in the pure components as well as the mixtures will be proposed based on the data from the proposed study. This work will extend the available literature on two-phase flow regimes for air-water mixtures, steam, and refrigerants to include hydrocarbons. Additionally, the limited information on condensation in multi-constituent hydrocarbon-hydrocarbon and refrigerant-refrigerant mixtures will be extended to include hydrocarbon-refrigerant mixtures. The findings of this study are expected to benefit applications such as refrigeration, low-grade heat-driven power generation, and the development of heat exchangers for the chemical and process industries.