SUBJECT: M.S. Thesis Presentation
   
BY: Nikhil Ramaswamy
   
TIME: Monday, March 31, 2014, 10:00 a.m.
   
PLACE: Love Building, 109
   
TITLE: Development of Control Strategies to Optimize the Fuel Economy of Hybrid Electric Vehicles
   
COMMITTEE: Dr. Nader Sadegh, Chair (ME)
Dr. David Taylor (ECE)
Dr. Mark Costello (ME)
 

SUMMARY

This thesis (1) reports a new Dynamic Programming(DP) approach, and (2) reports a Real Time Control strategy to optimize the energy management of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle(HEV). Increasing environmental concerns and rise in fuel prices in recent years has escalated interest in fuel efficient vehicles from government, consumers and car manufacturers. Due to this, Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) have gained popularity in recent years. HEVís have two degrees of freedom for energy flow controls, and hence the performance of a HEV is strongly dependent on the control of the power split between thermal and electrical power sources. In this thesis backward-looking and forward-looking control strategies for two HEV archtitectures namely series and parallel HEV are developed.

The new DP approach, in which the state variable is not discretized, is first introduced and a theoretical base is established. Then it is applied to optimize the fuel economy of HEV's. Simulations for the parallel and series HEV are then performed for multiple drive cylces and the improved fuel economy obtained by the new DP is compared to existing DP approaches. The results are then studied in detail and further improvements are suggested.

A new Real Time Control Strategy (RTCS) based on the concept of preview control for online implementation is also developed in this thesis. It is then compared to an existing Equivalent Cost Minimization Strategy (ECMS) which does not require data to be known apriori. The improved fuel economy results of the RTCS for the series and parallel HEV are obtained for standard drive cycles and compared with the ECMS results.