SUBJECT: M.S. Thesis Presentation
   
BY: Greg Henderson
   
TIME: Friday, March 16, 2012, 10:00 a.m.
   
PLACE: Love Building, 210
   
TITLE: Pneumatically-Powered Robotic Exoskeleton to Exercise Specific Lower Extremity Muscle Groups in Humans
   
COMMITTEE: Dr. Jun Ueda, Chair (ME)
Dr. Wayne Book (ME)
Dr. Minoru Shinohara (AP)
 

SUMMARY

We propose a control method for exercising specific muscles of a humanís lower body. This is accomplished through the use of an exoskeleton that imposes active force feedback control. The proposed method involves a combined dynamic model of the musculoskeletal system of the lower-body with the dynamics of pneumatic actuators. The exoskeleton is designed to allow for individual control of mono-articular or bi-articular muscles to be exercised while not inhibiting the subjectís range of motion. The control method has been implemented in a 1-Degree of Freedom (DOF) exoskeleton that is designed to resist the motion of the human knee by applying actuator forces in opposition to a specified muscle force profile. In this research, we discuss the model of the humanís lower body and how muscles are affected as a function of joint positions and velocities. We then discuss how to calculate for the forces needed by a pneumatic actuator to oppose the muscles to create the desired muscle force profile at a given joint angle. The proposed exoskeleton could be utilized either for rehabilitation purposes, to prevent muscle atrophy and bone loss of astronauts, or for muscle training in general.